Supports antioxidant function, reduces blood pressure, supports kidney health, supports blood sugar regulation, supports cardiovascular health, and may combat against cancer (273,274,275).
Supports antioxidant function via polyphenolic components with high levels of anthocyanins (cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-rutinoside) (273, 274, 275).
May combat carcinogenesis via reduction of tumor cell proliferation, multiplicity and size of the tumors, increased anti-inflammatory capacity, increased antiproliferative activity, and increased pro-apoptotic activity (273).
Supports joint health, antioxidant function, cardiovascular health, and reduced body fat (211, 212).
Supports antioxidant function via increased free radical scavenging capacity and reduced inflammatory cytokines (211, 212).
Supports Cardiovascular health via decreases in the waist and hip circumferences, reduced blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose, and leptin levels (211, 212).
Reduces body fat via decreased Enzymatic activity of pancreatic lipase and decreased activity of genetic modulators of adipogenesis (fat cell growth) such as C/EBPα, PPARγ, SREBP-1c (genetic regulators of fat cell growth) (211, 212).
Supports joint health via reduced inflammation in connective tissue (211, 212).
A carotenoid that supports vision health, immune health, cardiovascular health, and combats diabetic retinopathy (155,156).
Supports increased lutein concentration in the macula and exhibits
various features such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and bluelight-filtering effects (155,156).
Supports visual health via increased lutein concentration in the macular layer of the retina, reduced susceptibility to age-related macular disease, reduced prevalence of cataracts, and improved plasma level of lutein and retinal macular pigment level (155,156).
An adaptogenic herb that supports antioxidant function, cognitive function, increased muscle mass, combats inflammation, stabilizes blood pressure, enhances sexual health, and enhances endurance performance (136).
Combats inflammation via inhibition of hydroxyl radical (inflammation) and lipid peroxidation (136).
Supports endurance performance by enhancing mitochondrial energy output during exercise (136).
Supports sexual function, increased testosterone, cardiovascular health, supports healthy urinary tract function, supports athletic performance, and aids as a neuroprotective agent (137,138).
Supports sexual health, via activating aphrodisiacs, increased spermatogenesis, sperm motility, increased free testosterone, and increase of androgenic (hormone) action via the activation of endogenous testosterone production (137,138).
Supports cardiovascular health via decreased arterial inflammation levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-αand interleukin (IL)-6(137,138).
Supports neuroprotective properties via protection of neuron injury, and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion by suppressing brain inflammatory markers (NF-κB, TNF-αand IL-1β) (137,138).
Major B vitamin that supports cardiovascular health by inhibiting hepatic(liver) triglyceride synthesis, reducing very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion, and increasing HDL plasma concentrations (9).
Reduces conversion of VLDL into LDL proteins and serum lipoprotein concentrations in plasma (blood) (9).
Vital for regulation of gene expression, cell cycle progression, and DNA repair, and cell death (9).
Supports healthy inflammatory response via antioxidant and anti-apoptotic (prevention of cell death) properties (9).
Prevents pathologies(diseases) such as Pellagra and reduces prevalence of nervous anorexia, cancer, and crohn’s disease (10,11).
Supports sensitization of tumors to radiation via apoptosis (cell death) cascade of tumor mass and improves oxygen delivery to malignant tissues (cancer cells) (12).
Supports cognitive health by reducing age-related decline of NAD+, increasing quinolinic acid and reducing neuroinflammation (9).
Increased niacin associated NAD+ levels have been shown to increase neurotransmission, learning and memory (9).
Niacin reduces the prevalence of neurodegenerative pathologies by preventing mitochondrial dysfunction (9).